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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
Effective October 1, 2022 the Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR) database has been replaced by the Agricultural Commodity Import Requirements database at

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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Tangerine/Clementine/Mandarin (Fruit) from Spain into All Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Citrus reticulata cv Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: All Ports
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to APHIS eFile.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Condition of Entry Treatment: T107-a (Cold Treatment) If treatment has not been completed or fails, the fruits or vegetables may arrive in the United States at either of the following locations:
  • At ports located north of 39° latitude and east of 104° longitude
  • At ports with approved cold-treatment facilities (
7 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignments must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Spain stating the fruit meets the conditions of the government of Spain's Mediterranean fruit fly management program and applicable APHIS regulations.
8 Preclearance Program: Mandatory Preclearance: Consignments must be precleared. To validate foreign site preclearance inspection and/or treatment, precleared consignments must be accompanied by a signed PPQ Form 203.
9 Production Location: Admissible ONLY from continental Spain and the Balearic Islands.
10 Packaging or Labeling Requirements: Boxes in which fruit is packed must be labeled with a lot number providing information to identify the orchard at which the fruit was grown and the packinghouse at which the fruit was packed. The lot number must end with the letters "US." To facilitate inspection, all labeling must be large enough to clearly display the required information and must be located on the outside of the boxes.
11 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (
Instructions for Officers
12 Verify cold treatment requirements have been satisfied. Refer to the Special Procedures for Cold-Treated Commodities ( restricted image
Commodity Information
13 For additional commodity information and images, visit  
Additional Requirements
14 Clementines (CItrus reticulata) from Spain may only be imported into the United States in accordance with this section and all other applicable provisions.

Trust fund agreement

Clementines from Spain may be imported only if the government of Spain or its designated representative enters into a trust fund agreement with APHIS before each shipping season in accordance with 7 CFR 319.56-6.

Grower registration and agreement

Persons who produce clementines in Spain for export to the United States must:

Be registered with the government of Spain; and

Enter into an agreement with the government of Spain whereby the producer agrees to participate in and follow the Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) (Ceratitis capitata) management program established by the government of Spain.

Management program for Medfly; monitoring

The government of Spain's Medfly management program must be approved by APHIS and must contain the fruit fly trapping and recordkeeping requirements specified in this paragraph. The program must also provide that clementine producers must allow APHIS inspectors access to clementine production areas in order to monitor compliance with the Medfly management program.

Trapping and control

In areas in which clementines are produced for export to the United States, traps must be placed in Medfly host plants at least 6 weeks prior to harvest. Bait treatments using malathion, spinosad, or another pesticide approved by APHIS and the government of Spain must be applied in the production areas at the rate specified by Spain's Medfly management program.


The government of Spain or its designated representative must keep records documenting the fruit fly trapping and control activities in areas that produce clementines for export to the United States. All trapping and control records kept by the government of Spain or its designated representative must be made available to APHIS upon request.


If APHIS determines an orchard is not operating in compliance with the regulations in this section, it may suspend exports of clementines from that orchard.

Pretreatment sampling

For each consignment of clementines intended for export to the United States, prior to cold treatment, inspectors will cut and inspect a sample of clementines determined by APHIS that are randomly selected from throughout the consignment. If inspectors find a single live Medfly in any stage of development during an inspection, the entire consignment of clementines will be rejected. If a live Medfly in any stage of development is found in any two lots of fruit from the same orchard during the same shipping season, that orchard will be removed from the export program for the remainder of that shipping season.

Cold treatment

Clementines must be cold treated in accordance with 7 CFR Part 305. Upon arrival at a port of entry into the United States, inspectors will examine the cold treatment data for each consignment to ensure the cold treatment was successfully completed. If the cold treatment has not been successfully completed, the consignment will be held until appropriate remedial actions have been implemented.

Port of entry sampling

Clementines imported from Spain are subject to inspection by an inspector at the port of entry into the Untied States. At the port of first arrival, an inspector will sample and cut clementines from each consignment to detect pest infestation according to sampling rates determined by the Administrator. If a single live Medfly in any stage of development is found, the consignment will be held until an investigation is completed and appropriate remedial actions have been implemented.

Suspension of program

If APHIS determines at any time that the safeguards contained in this section are not protecting against the introduction of Medflies into the Untied States, APHIS may suspend the importation of clementines and conduct an investigation into the cause of the deficiency.


The following are definitions for terms used in this section:


Untreated fruit: for untreated fruit, the term means one or more lots (containing no more than a combined total of 200,000 boxes of clementines) that are presented to an inspector for pretreatment inspection.

Treated fruit: for treated fruit, the term means one or more lots of clementines imported into the Untied States on the same conveyance.

Lot: for the purposes of this section, a number of units of clementines from a common origin (i.e., a single producer or a homogenous production unit).¹

Orchard: a plot on which clementines are grown that is separately registered in the Spanish Medfly management program.

Shipping season: for the purposes of this section, a shipping season is considered to include the period beginning approximately in mid-September and ending approximately in late February of the next calendar year.

¹ A homogenous production unit is a group of adjacent orchards in Spain that are owned by one or more growers who follow a homogenous production system under the same technical guidance.
Page ID: CIRReportP
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