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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Apple (Fruit) from France into All Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Malus domestica Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: All Ports
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to e-Permits.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Preclearance Program: Only precleared consignments are authorized. The consignment must be accompanied by a PPQ Form 203 signed by the APHIS inspector on site to validate foreign site preclearance. If you conclude that the consignment was not precleared, PROHIBIT ENTRY.
7 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignments must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the foreign country. No additional declaration is required.
8 Condition of Entry Treatment: T107-a (Cold Treatment) If treatment has not been completed or fails, the fruits or vegetables may arrive in the United States at either of the following locations:
  • At ports located north of 39° latitude and east of 104° longitude.
  • At ports with approved cold-treatment facilities. (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/cold_treatment_facilities.pdf)
9 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/treatment.pdf).
Instructions for Officers
10 Verify cold treatment requirements have been satisfied. Refer to the Special Procedures for Cold-Treated Commodities (https://cbp.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/php/favir/SpecialProcedures/downloads/Procedures_coldtreatedFV.pdf). restricted image
Commodity Information
11 For additional commodity information and images, visit https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23279  
Additional Requirements
12

Trust fund agreement

The apples may be imported only if the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the exporting country has entered into a trust fund agreement with APHIS in accordance with § 319.56-6.

Responsibilities of the exporting country

The apples may be imported in any single shipping season only if all of the following conditions are met:

Officials of the NPPO must survey each orchard producing apples for shipment to the United States at least twice between spring blossoming and harvest. If the officials find any leaf miners that suggest the presence of Leucoptera malifoliella in an orchard, the officials must reject any fruit harvested from that orchard during that growing season for shipment to the United States. If the officials find evidence in an orchard of any other plant pest referred to in this section, they must ensure the orchard and all other orchards within 1 kilometer of that orchard will be treated for that pest with a pesticide approved by the APHIS, in accordance with label directions and under the direction of the NPPO. If the officials determine the treatment program has not been applied as required or is not controlling the plant pest in the orchard, they must reject any fruit harvested from that orchard during that growing season for shipment to the United States.

The apples must be identified to the orchard from which they are harvested (the producing orchard) until the fruit arrives in the United States.

The apples must be processed and inspected in approved packing sheds as follows:

Upon arrival at the packing shed, the apples must be inspected for insect pests as follows: for each grower lot (all fruit delivered for processing from a single orchard at a given time), packing shed technicians must examine all fruit in 1 carton on every third pallet (there are approximately 42 cartons to a pallet), or at least 80 apples in every third bin (if the fruit is not in cartons on pallets). If they find any live larva or pupa of Leucoptera malifoliella, they must reject the entire grower lot for shipment to the United States, and the NPPO must reject for shipment any additional fruit from the producing orchard for the remainder of the shipping season.

The apples must be sorted, sized, packed, and otherwise handled in the packing sheds on grading and packing lines used solely for fruit intended for shipment to the United States, or, if on grading and packing lines used previously for other fruit, only after the lines have been washed with water.

During packing operations, apples must be inspected for insect pests as follows: all fruit in each grower lot must be inspected at each of two inspection stations on the packing line by packing shed technicians. In addition, one carton from every pallet in each grower lot must be inspected by officials of the plant protection service. If the inspections reveal any live larva or pupa of Leucoptera malifoliella, the entire grower lot must be rejected for shipment to the United States, and the plant protection service must reject for shipment any additional fruit from the producing orchard for the remainder of that shipping season. If the inspections reveal any other insect pest referred to in this section, and a treatment authorized in 7 CFR Part 305 is available, the fruit will remain eligible for shipment to the United States if the entire grower lot is treated for the pest under the supervision of an inspector. However, if the entire grower lot is not treated in this manner, or if a plant pest is found for which no treatment authorized in 7 CFR Part 305 is available, the entire grower lot will be rejected for shipment to the United States.

Apples that pass inspection at approved packing sheds must be presented to an inspector for preclearance inspection as prescribed in this section or for inspection in the United States as prescribed in this section.

Apples presented for preclearance inspection must be identified with the packing shed where they were processed, as well as with the producing orchard, and this identity must be maintained until the apples arrive in the United States.

Facilities for the preclearance inspections prescribed in this section must be provided in the exporting country at a site acceptable to APHIS.

Any apples rejected for shipment into the United States may not, under any circumstance, be presented again for shipment to the United States.

Preclearance inspection

Preclearance inspection will be conducted in the exporting country by an inspector. Preclearance inspection will be conducted for a minimum of 6,000 cartons of apples, which may represent multiple grower lots from different packing sheds. The cartons examined during any given preclearance inspection will be known as an inspection unit. Apples in any inspection unit may be shipped to the United States only if the inspection unit passes inspection as follows:

Inspectors will examine, fruit by fruit, a biometrically designed statistical sample of 300 cartons drawn from each inspection unit.

If inspectors find any live larva or pupa of Leucoptera malifoliella, they will reject the entire inspection unit for shipment to the United States. The inspectors also will reject for shipment any additional fruit from the producing orchard for the remainder of the shipping season. However, other orchards represented in the rejected inspection unit will not be affected for the remainder of the shipping season because of that rejection. Additionally, if inspectors reject any three inspection units in a single shipping season because of Leucoptera malifoliella on fruit processed by a single packing shed, no additional fruit from that packing shed will be accepted for shipment to the United States for the remainder of that shipping season.

If the inspectors find evidence of any other plant pest referred to in this section, and a treatment authorized in 7 CFR Part 305 is available, fruit in the inspection unit will remain eligible for shipment to the United States if the entire inspection unit is treated for the pest under the supervision of an inspector. However, if the entire inspection unit is not treated in this manner, or if a plant pest is found for which no treatment authorized in 7 CFR Part 305 is available, the inspectors will reject the entire inspection unit for shipment to the United States. Rejection of an inspection unit because of pests other than Leucoptera malifoliella will not be cause for rejecting additional fruit from an orchard or packing shed.

Apples precleared for shipment to the United States as prescribed in this paragraph will not be inspected again in the United States (except as necessary to ensure the fruit has been precleared) unless the preclearance program with the exporting country is terminated in accordance with this section. If the preclearance program is terminated with any country, precleared fruit in transit to the United States at the time of termination will be spot-checked by inspectors upon arrival in the United States for evidence of plant pests referred to in this section. If any live larva or pupa of Leucoptera malifoliella is found in any carton of fruit, inspectors will reject that carton and all other cartons in that consignment that are from the same producing orchard. In addition, the remaining cartons of fruit in that consignment will be reinspected as an inspection unit in accordance with the preclearance procedures prescribed in this section.

Termination of preclearance programs

The Administrator may terminate the preclearance program in a country if he or she determines that any of the conditions specified in this section are not met or because of pests found during preclearance inspections. Termination of the preclearance program will stop consignments of apples from that country for the remainder of that shipping season. Termination of the preclearance program for findings of Leucoptera malifoliella in preclearance inspections in any country will be based on rates of rejection of inspection units as follows:

Termination because of findings of Leucoptera malifoliella. The preclearance program will be terminated with a country when, in one shipping season, inspection units are rejected because of Leucoptera malifoliella as follows:

Five inspection units in sequence among inspection units 1-20, or a total of 8 or more of the inspection units 1-20;
Five inspection units in sequence among inspection units 21-40, or a total of 10 or more of the inspection units 1-40;
Five inspection units in sequence among inspection units 41-60, or a total of 12 or more of the inspection units 1-60;
Five inspection units in sequence among inspection units 61-80, or a total of 14 or more of the inspection units 1-80;
Five inspection units in sequence among inspection units 81-100, or a total of 16 or more of the inspection units 1-100;
Five inspection units in sequence among inspection units 101-120, or a total of 18 or more of the inspection units 1-120.
Sequence can be continued in increments of 20 inspection units by increasing the number of rejected inspection units by 2.

Termination because of findings of other plant pests. The preclearance program will be terminated with a country when, in one shipping season, inspection units are rejected because of other insect pests as follows:

Ten or more of the inspection units 1-20;
Fifteen or more of the inspection units 1-40;
Twenty or more of the inspection units 1-60;
Twenty-five or more of the inspection units 1-80;
Thirty or more of the inspection units 1-100; or
Thirty-five or more of the inspection units 1-120.
Sequence can be continued in increments of 20 inspection units by increasing the number of rejected inspection units by 5.

Cold treatment

In addition to all other requirements of this section, apples may be imported into the United States only if the fruit is cold treated for the Mediterranean fruit fly in accordance with 7 CFR Part 305.

Plant pests; authorized treatments

Apples may be imported into the United States only if they are found free of the following pests or, if an authorized treatment is available, they are treated for: the pear leaf blister moth (Leucoptera malifoliella (O.G. Costa) (Lyonetiidae)), the plum fruit moth (Cydia funebrana (Treitschke) (Tortricidae)), the summer fruit tortrix moth (Adoxophyes orana (Fischer von Rosslertamm) (Tortricidae)), a leaf roller (Argyrotaenia pulchellana (Haworth) (Tortricidae)), and other insect pests that do not exist in the United States or that are not widespread in the United States.

Treatments must be conducted in accordance with 7 CFR Part 305.

Inspection in the United States

Notwithstanding provisions to the contrary in this section, the Administrator may allow apples imported under this section to be inspected at a port of arrival in the United States, in lieu of a preclearance inspection, under the following conditions:

The Administrator has determined that inspection can be accomplished at the port of arrival without increasing the risk of introducing insect pests into the United States;
Each pallet of apples must be completely enclosed in plastic, to prevent the escape of insects, before it is offloaded at the port of arrival;
The entire consignment of apples must be offloaded and moved to an enclosed warehouse, where adequate inspection facilities are available, under the supervision of an inspector.
The Administrator must determine that a sufficient number of inspectors are available at the port of arrival to perform the services required.
The method of inspection will be the same as prescribed in this section for preclearance inspections.

Page ID: CIRReportP
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