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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
         

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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Avocado (Fruit) from Ecuador into Continental U.S. Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Persea americana Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Active Alerts:
  Short Description    
ATTENTION: No imports are authorized at this time. Import permits will not be issued. DETAILS  
ATTENTION: Program phytosanitary requirements have not been met. DETAILS  

 
Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: Continental U.S. Ports
3 Production Location: Admissible ONLY from continental Ecuador.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Port Restriction: Do not import or distribute into or within Hawaii, Puerto Rico, or any U.S. territory.
7 Variety-Specific Limitations: Hass variety avocados only
  7.1 Import Permit Required: NOTICE: program phytosanitary requirements designed for this commodity to meet U.S. entry requirements have not been met. Therefore, import permits will not be issued at this time.
  7.2 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignment must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the country of origin with an additional declaration stating the consignment was produced in accordance with the requirements of the systems approach authorized under 7 CFR 319.56-4.
8 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Consignments must satisfy only one of the mitigation strategy options listed below.
9 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Option 1
  9.1 Variety-Specific Limitations: All avocado varieties other than Hass
  9.2 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Systems approach
  9.3 Import Permit Required: NOTICE: program phytosanitary requirements designed for this commodity to meet U.S. entry requirements have not been met. Therefore, import permits will not be issued at this time.
  9.4 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignment must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the country of origin with an additional declaration stating the consignment was produced in accordance with the requirements of the systems approach authorized under 7 CFR 319.56-4.
10 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Option 2
  10.1 Variety-Specific Limitations: All avocado varieties other than Hass
  10.2 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Irradiated upon arrival in the United States.
  10.3 Import Permit Required: NOTICE: program phytosanitary requirements designed for this commodity to meet U.S. entry requirements have not been met. Therefore, import permits will not be issued at this time.
  10.4 Condition of Entry Treatment: T105-a-1 (Irradiation)
  10.5 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignments must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the exporting country.
  10.6 Compliance Agreement Required: Prior to applying for an import permit, you must obtain an USDA-APHIS-PPQ Importer Compliance Agreement for irradiation treatment conducted in the United States. Once you have signed the Importer Compliance Agreement, it will be valid, certifying you will meet all regulatory requirements and conditions. For more information on obtaining an Importer Compliance Agreement, refer to the Steps for Importing Fresh Fruits and Vegetables for Irradiation Treatment in the United States (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/import-information/sa_quarantine_treatments/import-steps-ffv-irradiation-treatment).
  10.7 Packaging or Labeling Requirements: Articles must be packed in packaging preapproved by APHIS. All openings in the packages must be covered by material with holes no greater than 0.8 mm at the widest point. This is equivalent to a mesh size of no greater than 0.6 mm x 0.6 mm.
  10.8 Sample Pallet: For consignments containing more than four pallets, the importer is responsible for ensuring a sample pallet accompanies the consignment destined to the USA and that it contains a representative sample of the consignment. Failure to include a sample pallet will result in the immediate reexportation of the consignment.

A sample pallet must accompany each shipment to facilitate the port of entry inspection:
  • Prior to departure from the country of origin, a sample of the cartons representing the consignment must be selected. All orchards and lots must be represented in the sample pallet. The sample pallet must represent 2% of the consignment
  • The pallet must be netted or wrapped
  • The sample must be clearly marked “Sample Pallet” for port of entry inspection
Port of entry inspection results will determine if the consignment can be released to the irradiation facility under APHIS-PPQ supervision:

Reexportation of the consignment will result if:
  • A designated sample pallet is not present
  • The consignment is not properly labeled or configured
  • A finding of nontarget pest(s) not mitigated by treatment
11 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Option 3
  11.1 Variety-Specific Limitations: All avocado varieties other than Hass
  11.2 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Irradiated in country of origin under a preclearance program
  11.3 Import Permit Required: NOTICE: program phytosanitary requirements designed for this commodity to meet U.S. entry requirements have not been met. Therefore, import permits will not be issued at this time.
  11.4 Condition of Entry Treatment: T105-a-1 (Irradiation)
  11.5 Preclearance Program: Mandatory Preclearance: Consignments must be precleared. To validate foreign site preclearance inspection and/or treatment, precleared consignments must be accompanied by a signed PPQ Form 203.
  11.6 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignments must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate with an additional declaration stating the shipment was subject to irradiation treatment.
  11.7 Packaging or Labeling Requirements: Consignments must be packed in boxes marked and stamped with:
  • The words, "Treated by irradiation" or "Treated with irradiation" and display the international radura symbol
  • The Production Unit Code (PUC); Treatment Facility Code (TFC); Packinghouse Code (PHC); packing date; lot number
  • The palletized cartons must be wrapped with polyethlyene shrink wrap, net wrapping, or strapping (wrapping is not required for air shipments because integrity is maintained by the container itself)
  • Each pallet or box must also be marked with the TFC, Treatment Identification Number (TIN), and treatment date
12 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/treatment.pdf).
Instructions for Officers
13 If the consignment is to be irradiated in the United States, refer to the inspection procedures for Clearance of Articles Approved for Irradiation in the United States (https://cbp.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/php/favir/SpecialProcedures/downloads/IrradiationUponArrival.pdf). restricted image
14 If the consignment was irradiated in the country of origin, refer to the Special Procedures for Precleared Irradiated Fruits and Vegetables (https://cbp.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/php/favir/SpecialProcedures/downloads/Procedures_irradiated_FV.pdf). restricted image
Commodity Information
15 For additional commodity information and images, visit https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27393  
Additional Requirements
16 The importation of commercial consignment of fresh avocado fruit from Ecuador into the continental United States are subject to the following phytosanitary measures:

Monitoring and oversight
The National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Ecuador must provide an operational workplan (OWP) to APHIS detailing the activities the NPPO of Ecuador will, subject to APHIS's approval of the workplan, carry out to meet the requirements of the systems approach.

Registered production sites
Avocados must be grown in production sites that are registered with the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Ecuador.

Traceability
Harvested avocados must be placed in field cartons or containers that are marked to show the official registration number of the production site. The production site where the avocados were grown must remain identifiable when the fruit leaves the grove, at the packinghouse, and throughout the export process.

Packinghouse requirements
Avocados must be packed within 24 hours of harvest in an insect-exclusionary packinghouse. The fruit must be safeguarded by an insect-proof screen, plastic tarpaulin, or closed vehicle while in transit to the packinghouse and while awaiting packing. The packinghouse must be registered with the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Ecuador.

Phytosanitary inspection
A sample at a rate to be determined by APHIS will be visually inspected for all quarantine pests and a portion of the fruit will be cut open to detect internal pests, such as the moth Stenoma catenifer. Fruit presented for inspection at the port of entry to the United States must be identified in the shipping documents accompanying each lot of fruit to specify the production site or sites in which the fruit was produced and the packing shed or sheds in which the fruit was processed. This identification must be maintained until the fruit is released for entry into the United States.

Phytosanitary certificate
Each consignment of avocados must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Ecuador with an additional declaration stating the fruit in the consignment was produced in compliance with the requirements of the systems approach and the operational workplan (OWP).

Mitigation measures
Avocados to be exported to the United States must be grown in pest-free production sites for the avocado seed moth, Stenoma catenifer. The importation of avocado varieties, other than Hass from continental Ecuador, will only be permitted when they are grown and processed under a systems approach. No other host of Anastrepha fraterculus, A. serpentina, A striata, or Ceratitis capitata can be grown within 100 meters of the edge of the avocado production site. If a single individual of any life stage of Anastrepha fraterculus, A. serpentina, A. striata, Ceratitis capitata, or Stenoma catenifer is found in a consignment from a pest-free production site, that consignment will be prohibited for export to the United States under the systems approach.
Page ID: CIRReportP
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