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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Apple (Fruit) from China into Continental U.S. Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Malus domestica Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: Continental U.S. Ports
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to e-Permits.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignments must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the People's Republic of China with an additional declaration stating all fruits in the shipment meet the requirements of the work plan of quarantine inspection for China fresh apples to be exported to the U.S.
7 Packaging or Labeling Requirements: Consignments must be packed in cartons labeled (in English) with fruit type, origin, orchard registration number, packinghouse registration number, and lot number.
8 Production Location: Apples must be sent from registered packinghouses (www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/Apple_From_China_Approved_Packing-Houses.pdf).
9 Production Location: Consignments originating south of the 33rd parallel require treatment.
  9.1 Condition of Entry Treatment: T108-a (Fumigation and Cold Treatment)
10 Port Restriction: Do not import or distribute into or within Hawaii, Puerto Rico, or any U.S. territory.
11 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/treatment.pdf).
Commodity Information
12 For additional commodity information and images, visit https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23279  
Additional Requirements
13 Fresh apples (Malus pumila) from China may be imported into the continental United States from China only under the conditions described in this section. These conditions are designed to prevent the introduction of the following quarantine pests: Adoxophyes orana (Fischer von Rölerstamm), summer fruit tortix; Archips micaceana (Walker), a moth; Argyrotaenia ljungiana (Thunberg), grape tortix; Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), Oriental fruit fly; Carposina sasakii Matsumura, peach fruit moth; Cenopalpus pulcher (Canestrini & Fanzago), flat scarlet mite; Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Millière), honeydew moth; Cydia funebrana (Treitschke), plum fruit moth; Euzophera bigella (Zeller), quince moth; Euzophera pyriella Yang, a moth; Grapholita inopinata Henrick, Manchurian fruit moth; Leucoptera malifoliella (Costa), apple leaf miner; Monilia polystroma van Leeuwen, Asian brown rot; Monilinia fructigena Honey, brown fruit rot; Rhynchites auratus (Scopoli), apricot weevil; Rhynchites bacchus (L.), peach weevil; Rhynchites giganteus Krynicky, a weevil; Rhynchites heros Rolelofs, a weevil; Spilonota albicana (Motschulsky), white fruit moth; Spilonota prognathana Senllen, a moth; and Ulodemis trigrapha Meyrick, a moth.

General requirements

The National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of China must provide an operational workplan to APHIS detailing the activities the NPPO of China will, subject to APHIS's approval of the workplan, carry out to meet the requirements of this section.

The apples must be grown at places of production that are registered with the NPPO of China.

Place of production requirements

The place of production must carry out any phytosanitary measures specified for the place of production under an operational workplan.

When any apples destined for export to the continental United States are still on the tree and are not more than 2.5 centimeters in diameter, double-layered paper bags must be placed wholly over the apples. The bags must remain intact and on the apples until at least 14 days prior to harvest.

The NPPO of China must visit and inspect registered places of production prior to harvest for signs of infestation and/or infection.

If Monilia polystroma van Leeuwen or Monilinia fructigena is detected at a registered place of production, APHIS may reject the consignment or prohibit the importation into the continental United States of apples from the place of production for the remainder of the season. The exportation to the continental United States of apples from the place of production may resume in the next growing season if an investigation is conducted by the NPPO of China and APHIS and the NPPO of China conclude appropriate remedial action has been taken.

Packinghouse requirements

Packinghouses must be registered with the NPPO of China, and during the time registered packinghouses are in use for packing apples for export to the continental United States, the packinghouses may only accept apples that are from registered places of production and that are produced in accordance with the requirements of this section.

Packinghouses must have a tracking system in place to readily identify all apples destined for export to the continental United States that enter the packinghouse and be able to trace the apples back to their place of production.

Following the packinghouse inspection, the packinghouse must follow a handling procedure for the apples that is mutually agreed upon by APHIS and the NPPO of China.

The apples must be washed and brushed as well as waxed or sprayed with compressed air prior to shipment.

The apples must be packed in cartons that are labeled with the identity of the place of production and the packinghouse.

Shipping requirements

Sealed containers of apples destined for export to the continental United States must be held in a cold storage facility while awaiting export.

Additional conditions for apples from areas of China south of the 33rd parallel

In addition to the conditions in the above paragraphs of this section, apples from areas of China south of the 33rd parallel must be treated in accordance with 7 CFR Part 305.
 
Page ID: CIRReportP
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