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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Tangerine/Clementine/Mandarin (Fruit) from Peru into Continental U.S. Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Citrus reticulata cv Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: Continental U.S. Ports
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to e-Permits.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Phytosanitary Certificate: Each consignment of fruit must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Peru stating the fruit has been inspected and found free of Ecdytolopha aurantiana.
7 Condition of Entry Treatment: T107-a-1 (Cold Treatment) If treatment has not been completed or fails, the fruits or vegetables may arrive in the United States at either of the following locations:
  • At ports located north of 39° latitude and east of 104° longitude.
  • At ports with approved cold-treatment facilities. (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/cold_treatment_facilities.pdf)
8 Port Restriction: Do not import or distribute into or within Hawaii, Puerto Rico, or any U.S. territory.
9 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/treatment.pdf).
Instructions for Officers
10 Verify cold treatment requirements have been satisfied. Refer to the Special Procedures for Cold-Treated Commodities (https://cbp.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/php/favir/SpecialProcedures/downloads/Procedures_coldtreatedFV.pdf). restricted image
Commodity Information
11 For additional commodity information and images, visit https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10778  
Additional Requirements
12 Grower registration and agreement

The production site at which the fruit is grown must be registered for export with the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Peru and the producer must have signed an agreement with the NPPO of Peru whereby the producer agrees to participate in and follow the fruit fly management program established by the NPPO of Peru.

Management program for fruit flies; monitoring

The NPPO of Peru's fruit fly management program must be approved by APHIS and must require that participating citrus producers allow APHIS inspectors access to production areas in order to monitor compliance with the fruit fly management program. The fruit fly management program must also provide for the following:

Trapping and control

In areas where citrus is produced for export to the United States, traps must be placed in fruit fly host plants at least 6 weeks prior to harvest at a rate mutually agreed upon by APHIS and the NPPO of Peru. If fruit fly trapping levels at a production site exceed the thresholds established by APHIS and the NPPO of Peru, exports from that production site will be suspended until APHIS and the NPPO of Peru conclude fruit fly population levels have been reduced to an acceptable limit. Fruit fly traps are monitored weekly; therefore, reinstatements of production sites will be evaluated on a weekly basis.

Records

The NPPO of Peru or its designated representative must keep records documenting the fruit fly trapping and control activities in areas that produce citrus for export to the United States. All trapping and control records kept by the NPPO of Peru or its designated representative must be made available to APHIS upon request.

Port of first arrival sampling

Citrus fruits imported from Peru are subject to inspection by an inspector at the port of first arrival into the United States in accordance with § 319.56-3(d). At the port of first arrival, an inspector will sample and cut citrus fruits from each consignment to detect pest infestation. If a single live fruit fly in any stage of development or a single E. aurantiana is found, the consignment will be held until an investigation is completed and appropriate remedial actions have been implemented.
Page ID: CIRReportP
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