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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
         

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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Persimmon (Fruit) from New Zealand into All Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Diospyros kaki Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: All Ports
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to APHIS eFile.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Phytosanitary Certificate: Requires a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of New Zealand with an additional declaration stating the persimmons in the consignment were grown, packed, and inspected and found to be free of pests in accordance with the requirements authorized under 7 CFR 319.56-4.
Commodity Information
7 For additional commodity information and images, visit https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14293  
Additional Requirements
8 Fresh persimmons (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) may be imported into the United States only under the conditions described in this section. These conditions are designed to prevent the introduction of the quarantine pests Colletotrichum horii B. Weir & P.R. Johnst., Cnephsia jactatana (Walker), Cryptosporiopsis actinidiae P.R. Johnst., M.A. Manning & X. Meier, Ctenopseustis herana (Felder and Rogenhofer), Ctenopseustis obliquana (Walker), Epiphyas postvittana (Walker), Planotortrix excessana (Walker), Sperchia intractana (Walker), and Stathmopoda skelloni (Butler).

Operational workplan

The National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of New Zealand must provide an operational workplan to APHIS detailing the activities the NPPO of New Zealand will, subject to APHIS's approval of the workplan, carry out to meet the requirements of this section. The operational workplan must include and describe the quarantine pest survey intervals and other specific requirements as set forth in this section.

Place of production requirements

All places of production that participate in the export program must be approved by and registered with the NPPO of New Zealand in accordance with the requirements of the operational workplan.

The NPPO of New Zealand or its approved designee must visit and inspect the places of production monthly beginning at blossom drop and continuing until the end of the harvest season for quarantine pests. Appropriate pest controls must be applied in accordance with the operational workplan. If the NPPO of New Zealand finds a place of production is not complying with the requirements of this section, no fruit from the place of production will be eligible for export to the United States until APHIS and the NPPO of New Zealand conduct an investigation and appropriate remedial actions have been implemented.

Packinghouse requirements

All packinghouses that participate in the export program must be approved by and registered with the NPPO of New Zealand in accordance with the requirements of the operational workplan.

During the time the packinghouse is in use for exporting persimmons to the United States, the packinghouse may only accept persimmons from registered, approved places of production and the fruit must be segregated from fruit intended for other markets.

All diseased or insect-infested fruit and fruit with surface pests must be culled either before or during packing and removed from the packinghouse. Culling must also include any damaged or deformed fruit.

Boxes or other containers in which the fruit is shipped must be marked to identify the place of production where the fruit originated and the packinghouse where it was packed.

The NPPO of New Zealand must monitor packinghouse operations to verify the packinghouses are complying with the requirements of the systems approach. If the NPPO of New Zealand finds a packinghouse is not complying with the requirements of this section, no fruit from the packinghouse will be eligible for export to the United States until APHIS and the NPPO of New Zealand conduct an investigation and appropriate remedial actions have been implemented.

Sampling

Inspectors from the NPPO of New Zealand must inspect a biometric sample of the fruit from each consignment at a rate jointly agreed upon by APHIS and the NPPO of New Zealand. The inspectors must visually inspect for quarantine pests listed in the operational workplan and must cut fruit to inspect for the Lepidoptera pests of concern when visual signs of the internal feeders are present. If quarantine pests are detected in this inspection, the consignment will be prohibited entry into the United States.

Treatment

Each consignment of persimmons must be subject to a post-harvest treatment by either:

Hot water treatment—the persimmons are held for 20 minutes in hot water at 50 ºC (122 ºF); or
Modified atmosphere treatment—the persimmons are packed in semi-permeable polymeric bags and stored at 0 ºC for a minimum of 28 days
Page ID: CIRReportP
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