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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)

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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Plum (Fruit) from Chile into All Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Prunus domestica ssp. domestica Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Active Alerts:
  Short Description    
ATTENTION: Mediterranean Fruit Fly Outbreak: Commodities from Quarantine Areas in Chile DETAILS  
ATTENTION: Federal Order DA-2021-04 European Grapevine Moth (EGVM), effective April 1, 2021 DETAILS  

Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: All Ports
3 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
4 Commercial Consignments Only
5 Phytosanitary Certificate: Each consignment must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the country of origin.
6 Condition of Entry Treatment: Irradiation upon arrival in the United States
  6.1 Condition of Entry Treatment: T105-a-2 (Irradiation) To ensure each of your consignments receives the appropriate treatment, contact an APHIS PPQ Certified Treatment Facility ( in advance of the consignment's arrival.
  6.2 Import Permit Required: Must obtain an APHIS-PPQ Import Permit with Immediate Transportation (IT) Requirements. For more information on transiting safeguards, refer to the Guidelines for Immediate Transportation ( To obtain a permit, go to APHIS eFile.
  6.3 Compliance Agreement Required: Prior to applying for an import permit, you must obtain an USDA-APHIS-PPQ Importer Compliance Agreement for irradiation treatment conducted in the United States. Once you have signed the Importer Compliance Agreement, it will be valid, certifying you will meet all regulatory requirements and conditions. For more information on obtaining an Importer Compliance Agreement, refer to the Steps for Importing Fresh Fruits and Vegetables for Irradiation Treatment in the United States (
  6.4 Packaging or Labeling Requirements: Articles must be packed in packaging preapproved by APHIS. All openings in the packages must be covered by material with holes no greater than 0.8 mm at the widest point. This is equivalent to a mesh size of no greater than 0.6 mm x 0.6 mm.
  6.5 Sample Pallet: For consignments containing more than four pallets, the importer is responsible for ensuring a sample pallet accompanies the consignment destined to the USA and that it contains a representative sample of the consignment. Failure to include a sample pallet will result in the immediate reexportation of the consignment.

A sample pallet must accompany each shipment to facilitate the port of entry inspection:
  • Prior to departure from the country of origin, a sample of the cartons representing the consignment must be selected. All orchards and lots must be represented in the sample pallet. The sample pallet must represent 2% of the consignment
  • The pallet must be netted or wrapped
  • The sample must be clearly marked “Sample Pallet” for port of entry inspection
Port of entry inspection results will determine if the consignment can be released to the irradiation facility under APHIS-PPQ supervision:

Reexportation of the consignment will result if:
  • A designated sample pallet is not present
  • The consignment is not properly labeled or configured
  • A finding of nontarget pest(s) not mitigated by treatment
7 Federal Order: Federal Order DA-2015-42 [], issued July 31, 2015, effective immediately and until further notice: consignments originating in Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata or Medfly) quarantine areas (refer to the Federal Order) require the same treatment as described in Federal Order DA-2021-04 [], effective April 1, 2021.
8 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (
Instructions for Officers
9 Refer to the inspection procedures for Clearance of Articles Approved for Irradiation in the United States ( restricted image
Commodity Information
10 For additional commodity information and images, visit  
Additional Requirements
11 Due to Federal Order DA-2021-04, effective April 1, 2021, the below-listed additional requirements are not applicable until further notice.

Importations allowed

Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, and plums may be imported into the United States from Chile in accordance with this section and all other applicable provisions of this subpart. As provided in § 319.56-4, apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, and plums from Chile may also be imported if treated in accordance with 7 CFR Part 305 and subject to other applicable regulations in this subpart.

Trust fund agreement

Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, and plums may be imported under the regulations in this section only if the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Chile or a private export group has entered into a trust fund agreement with APHIS in accordance with § 319.56-6.

Responsibilities of the NPPO of Chile

The NPPO of Chile will ensure:

Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, or plums are presented to inspectors for preclearance in their shipping containers at the shipping site as prescribed in the Preclearance inspection paragraph below.

Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, and plums presented for inspection are identified in shipping documents accompanying each load of fruit that identify the packing shed where they were processed and the orchards where they were produced; and this identity is maintained until the apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, or plums are released for entry into the United States.

Facilities for the inspections prescribed in the Preclearance inspection paragraph below are provided in Chile at an inspection site acceptable to APHIS.

Preclearance inspection

Preclearance inspection will be conducted in Chile under the direction of inspectors. An inspection unit will consist of a lot or consignment from which a statistical sample is drawn and examined. An inspection unit may represent multiple grower lots from different packing sheds. Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, or plums in any inspection unit may be shipped to the United Sates only if the inspection unit passes inspection as follows:

Inspectors will examine the contents of the cartons based on a biometric sampling scheme established for each inspection unit.

If the inspectors find evidence of any plant pest for which a treatment authorized in 7 CFR Part 305 is available, fruit in the inspection unit will remain eligible for shipment to the United States if the entire inspection unit is treated for the pest in Chile. However, if the entire inspection unit is not treated in this manner, or if a plant pest is found for which no treatment authorized in 7 CFR Part 305 is available, the entire inspection unit will not be eligible for shipment to the United States.

Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, and plums precleared for shipment to the United States as prescribed in this paragraph will not be inspected again in the United States except as necessary to ensure the fruit has been precleared and for occasional monitoring purposes.

Termination of preclearance programs

Consignments of apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, and plums will be individually evaluated regarding the rates of infestation of inspection units of these articles presented for preclearance. The inspection program for an article will be terminated when inspections establish that the rate of infestation of inspection units of the article by pests listed in the Plant pests; authorized treatments section below exceeds 20% calculated on any consecutive 14 days of actual inspections (not counting days on which inspections are not conducted). Termination of the inspection program for an article will require mandatory treatment in Chile, prior to shipment to the United States, of consignments of the article for the remainder of that shipping season. If a preclearance inspection program is terminated with Chile, precleared fruit in transit to the United States at the time of termination will be spot-checked by inspectors upon arrival in the United States for evidence of plant pests referred to in the Plant pests; authorized treatments section below.

Plant pests; authorized treatments

Apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, or plums from Chile may be imported into the United States only if they are found free of the following pests or, if an authorized treatment is available, they are treated for: Proeulia spp., Leptoglossus chilensis, Megalometis chilensis, Naupactus xanthographus, Listroderes subcinctus, and Conoderus rufangulus, and other insect pests that the Administrator has determined do not exist, or are not widespread, in the United States.

Treatments must be conducted in accordance with 7 CFR Part 305.

Inspection in the United States

Notwithstanding provisions to the contrary in the Responsibilities of the NPPO of Chile and the Preclearance inspection sections above, the Administrator may, in emergency or extraordinary situations, allow apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, or plums imported under this section to be inspected at a port of arrival in the United States, in lieu of a preclearance inspection or fumigation in Chile, under the following conditions:

The Administrator is satisfied that a unique situation exists that justifies a limited exception to mandatory preclearance;
The Administrator has determined that inspection and/or treatment can be accomplished at the intended port of arrival without increasing the risk of introducing quarantine pests into the United States;
The entire consignment of apricots, nectarines, peaches, plumcot, or plums must be offloaded and moved to an enclosed warehouse where inspection and treatment facilities are available;
The Administrator must determine that a sufficient number of inspectors are available at the port of arrival to perform the services required;
The method of sampling and inspection will be the same as prescribed in the Preclearance inspection section above for preclearance inspections.

Page ID: CIRReportP
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