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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Kiwi (Fruit) from Chile into All Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Actinidia chinensis, Actinidia deliciosa Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Active Alerts:
  Short Description    
ATTENTION: Mediterranean Fruit Fly Outbreak: Commodities from Quarantine Areas in Chile DETAILS  

 
Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: All Ports
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to e-Permits.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Production Location: If from an area free of Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata).
  6.1 Phytosanitary Certificate: Must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Chile with an additional declaration stating the consignment was produced in a pest-free area for Ceratitis capitata. This requirement comes from Federal Order DA-2015-42 issued July 31, 2015, effective immediately and until further notice.
7 Production Location: If from a Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) quarantine area.
  7.1 Condition of Entry Treatment: T101-m-2-1 (Methyl Bromide Fumigation) , or T107-a (Cold Treatment) , or T108-a (Fumigation and Cold Treatment) If treatment has not been completed or fails, the fruits or vegetables may arrive in the United States at either of the following locations:

     •  At ports located north of 39º latitude and east of 104º longitude
     •  At ports with approved cold-treatment facilities (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/cold_treatment_facilities.pdf)

This requirement comes from Federal Order DA-2015-42 issued July 31, 2015, effective immediately and until further notice.
8 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Consignments must satisfy only one of the mitigation strategy options listed below.
9 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Option 1
  9.1 Preclearance Program: Consignments may or may not be precleared. If they are precleared, each consignment must be validated by a PPQ Form 203 or a vessel report from APHIS.
  9.2 Condition of Entry Treatment: T101-m-2-2 (Methyl Bromide Fumigation) If the consignment was not precleared or grown and packaged under an APHIS-approved systems approach, require T101-m-2-2 in addition to any Medfly treatments.
10 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Option 2
  10.1 Pest Mitigation Strategy: APHIS-approved systems approach as stated on the phytosanitary certificate.
  10.2 Preclearance Program: All consignments must be precleared. Each consignment must be validated by a PPQ Form 203 or a vessel report from APHIS.
  10.3 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignments meet the conditions authorized under 7 CFR 319.56-4.

In accordance with the Federal Order, if the fruit is produced in an area free of Ceratitis capitata, a second additional declaration stating the consignment was produced in an area free of Ceratitis capitata is required.
11 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/treatment.pdf).
Instructions for Officers
12 Refer to the Table of Phytosanitary Certificate Additional Declaration Language to determine acceptable additional declaration language for specific country/commodity combinations. restricted image
Commodity Information
13 For additional commodity information and images, visit https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=311344  
Additional Requirements
14 The following additional requirements apply only to the systems approach outlined in pest mitigation strategy option 2.

The National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Chile must provide a workplan to APHIS detailing the activities the NPPO of Chile will, subject to APHIS's approval of the workplan, carry out to meet the requirements of this section.

Production site registration

The production site at which the fruit is grown must be registered with the NPPO of Chile. Harvested kiwi must be placed in field cartons or containers marked to show the official registration number of the production site. Registration must be renewed annually.

Low-prevalence production site certification

The fruit must originate from a low-prevalence production site to be imported under the conditions in this section. Between 1 and 30 days prior to harvest, random samples of fruit must be collected from each registered production site under the direction of the NPPO of Chile. These samples must undergo a pest detection and evaluation method as follows: the fruit just be washed using a flushing method, placed in a 20-mesh sieve on top of a 200-mesh sieve, sprinkled with a liquid soap-and-water solution, washed with water at high pressure, and washed with water at low pressure. THe process must then be repeated. The contents of the 200-mesh sieve must then be placed on a petri dish and analyzed for the presence of live Brevipalpus chilensis mites. If a single live B. chilensis mite is found, the production site will not qualify for certification as a low-prevalence production site. Each production site may have only one opportunity per season to qualify as a low-prevalence production site, and certification of low prevalence will be valid for one harvest season only. THe NPPO of Chile will present a list of certified production sites to APHIS.

Post-harvest processing

After harvest, all damaged or diseased fruits must be culled at the packinghouse and must be packed into new, clean boxes, crates, or other APHIS-approved packing containers.Each container must have a label identifying the registered production site at which the fruit originated and the packing shed at which it was packed.

Phytosanitary inspection

Fruit must be inspected in Chile at an APHIS-approved inspection site under the direction of APHIS inspectors in coordination with the NPPO of Chile following any post-harvest processing. A biometric sample must be drawn and examined from each consignment. Kiwi may be shipped to the continental United States only if the consignment passes inspection as follows.

Fruit presented for inspection must be identified in the shipping documents accompanying each lot of fruit to specify the production site or sites in which the fruit was produced and the packing shed or sheds in which the fruit was processed. This identification must be maintained until the fruit is released for entry into the United States.

A biometric sample of the boxes, crates, or other APHIS-approved packing containers from each consignment will be selected by the NPPO of Chile, and the fruit from these boxes, crates, or other APHIS-approved packing containers will be visually inspected for quarantine pests. A portion of the fruit must be washed with soapy water and the collected filtrate must be microscopically examined for B. chilensis. If a single live B. chilensis mite is found during the inspection process, the certified low-prevalence production site at which the fruit was grown will lose its certification.
Page ID: CIRReportP
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