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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Cherimoya (Fruit) from Chile into Ports as Specified in the Import Requirements
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Annona cherimola Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Active Alerts:
  Short Description    
ATTENTION: Mediterranean Fruit Fly Outbreak: Commodities from Quarantine Areas in Chile DETAILS  

 
Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: Ports as Specified in the Import Requirements
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to e-Permits.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Preclearance Program: All consignments must be precleared. Each consignment must be validated by a PPQ Form 203 or a vessel report from APHIS.
7 Phytosanitary Certificate: Must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Chile with an additional declaration stating the consignment was produced in an area free of Ceratitis capitata
8 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Consignments must satisfy only one of the mitigation strategy options listed below.
9 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Option 1
  9.1 Pest Mitigation Strategy: APHIS-approved systems approach as stated on the phytosanitary certificate.
  9.2 Admissible Ports: Continental U.S. Ports
  9.3 Phytosanitary Certificate: In addition to the phytosanitary certificate requirements for Ceratitis capitata listed above, each consignment must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Chile with an additional declaration stating the fruit in the consignment was inspected and found free of Brevipalpus chilensis and was grown, packed, and shipped in accordance with the requirements of 7 CFR § 319.56-4.
  9.4 Port Restriction: Do not import or distribute into or within Hawaii, Puerto Rico, or any U.S. territory.
10 Pest Mitigation Strategy: Option 2
  10.1 Admissible Ports: All Ports
  10.2 Condition of Entry Treatment: T102-b (Water)
11 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/treatment.pdf).
Commodity Information
12 For additional commodity information and images, visit https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3479  
Additional Requirements
13 The following additional requirements apply only to the systems approach listed above as pest mitigation strategy option 1.

Fresh cherimoya (Annona cherimola) fruit may be imported into the United States from Chile only under the following conditions and in accordance with all other applicable provisions of this subpart. These conditions are designed to prevent the introduction of the following quarantine pest: Brevipalpus chilensis mites.

Production site registration

The production site where the fruit is grown must be registered with the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Chile. Harvested cherimoya must be placed in field cartons or containers that are marked to show the official registration of the production site. Registration must be renewed annually.

Low-prevalence production site certification

The fruit must originate from a low-prevalence production site to be imported under the conditions in this section. Between 1 and 30 days prior to harvest, random samples of leaves must be collected from each registered production site under the direction of the NPPO of Chile. These samples must undergo a pest detection and evaluation method as follows: the leaves must be washed using a flushing method, placed in a 20-mesh sieve on top of a 200-mesh sieve, sprinkled with a liquid soap and water solution, washed with water at high pressure, and washed with water at low pressure. The process must then be repeated. The contents of the 200-mesh sieve must then be placed on a petri dish and analyzed for the presence of live B. chilensis mites. If a single live B. chilensis mite is found, the production site will not qualify for certification as a low-prevalence production site. Each production site may have only one opportunity per season to qualify as a low-prevalence production site, and certification of low prevalence will be valid for one harvest season only. The NPPO of Chile will present a list of certified production sites to APHIS. Fruit from those production sites not meeting the requirements for certification as low-prevalence production sites may still be imported into the United States subject to treatment as listed in this section.

Post-harvest processing

After harvest, all damaged or diseased fruit must be culled at the packinghouse and remaining fruit must be packed into new, clean boxes, crates, or other APHIS-approved packing containers.

Phytosanitary inspection

Fruit must be inspected in Chile at an APHIS-approved inspection site under the direction of APHIS inspectors in coordination with the NPPO of Chile following any post-harvest processing. A biometric sample must be drawn and examined from each consignment. Fresh cherimoya fruit can be shipped to the continental United States under the systems approach only if the consignment passes inspection. Any consignment not meeting the requirements of this paragraph for inspection can still be imported into the United States subject to treatment as listed in pest mitigation strategy option 2. Inspection procedures are as follows:

Fruit presented for inspection must be identified in the shipping documents accompanying each lot of fruit to specify the production site or sites in which the fruit was produced and the packing shed or sheds in which the fruit was processed. This identification must be maintained until the fruit is released for entry into the United States.

A biometric sample of the boxes, crates, or other APHIS-approved packing containers from each consignment will be selected by the NPPO of Chile and the fruit from these boxes, crates, or other APHIS-approved packing containers will be visually inspected for quarantine pests. If a single live B. chilensis mite is found during the inspection process, the certified low-prevalence production site where the fruit was grown will lose its certification for the remainder of the harvest season.
 
Page ID: CIRReportP
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