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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
Effective October 1, 2022 the Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR) database has been replaced by the Agricultural Commodity Import Requirements database at

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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Apple (Fruit) from Japan into All Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Malus domestica Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: All Ports
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to APHIS eFile.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Other: If the port of entry is Guam or the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), the consignment ONLY requires an import permit and is subject to inspection. No additional import requirements are needed.
6 Preclearance Program: Mandatory Preclearance: Consignments must be precleared. To validate foreign site preclearance inspection and/or treatment, precleared consignments must be accompanied by a signed PPQ Form 203.
  6.1 Phytosanitary Certificate: Each consignment must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the country of origin.
7 Condition of Entry Treatment: T109-a (Cold Treatment and Methyl Bromide Fumigation) If treatment has not been completed or fails, the fruits or vegetables may arrive in the United States at either of the following locations:
  • At ports located north of 39° latitude and east of 104° longitude
  • At ports with approved cold-treatment facilities (
8 Production Location: From all areas other than Amami, Bonin, Ryukyu, Tokara, and Volcano Islands.
9 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (
Commodity Information
10 For additional commodity information and images, visit  
Additional Requirements
11 Any variety of Malus domestica apples may be imported into the United States only in accordance with this section and all other applicable provisions of the Fruits and Vegetables subpart 7 CFR 319.

Treatment and fumigation

The apples must be cold treated and then fumigated, under the supervision of an APHIS inspector, in Japan for the peach fruit moth (Carposina niponensis), the yellow peach moth (Conogethes punctiferalis), and the fruit tree spider mite (Tetranychus viennensis), in accordance with 7 CFR Part 305.

APHIS inspection

Prior to export, the apples must be inspected, upon completion of the treatments required above, by an APHIS inspector and an inspector from the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Japan. If plant pests are found prior to export, the apples shall be subject to further disinfection in Japan. Imported apples inspected in Japan are also subject to inspection and disinfection at the port of first arrival, as provided in 7 CFR § 319.56-3.

Trust fund agreements

The NPPO of Japan must enter into a trust fund agreement with APHIS in accordance with 7 CFR § 319.56-6 before APHIS will provide the services necessary for apples to be imported into the United States.
Page ID: CIRReportP
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