Skip Banners Skip Side Navigation
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
Country/Region:   Approved Name:


Print image
Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Pepper, Locoto (Fruit) from Peru into All Ports Except Hawaii
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Capsicum baccatum Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: All Ports Except Hawaii
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to e-Permits.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignment must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the country of origin with an additional declaration stating the consignment was produced in accordance with the requirements of the systems approach authorized under 7 CFR 319.56-4.
7 Packaging or Labeling Requirements: The shipping box must be labeled with the identity of the production site.
Instructions for Officers
8 Refer to the Table of Phytosanitary Certificate Additional Declaration Language to determine acceptable additional declaration language for specific country/commodity combinations. restricted image
Commodity Information
9 For additional commodity information and images, visit  
Additional Requirements

Fresh peppers (Capsicum annum L., Capsicum baccatum L., Capsicum chinense Jacq., Capsicum frutescens L., and Capsicum pubescens Ruiz & Pav.) may be imported into the continental United States and its territories only under the conditions described in this section. These conditions are designed to prevent the introduction of the following quarantine pests: Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann), South American fruit fly; Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), Mediterranean fruit fly; Neoleucinodes elegantalis (Guenée), a fruit-boring moth; and Puccinia pampeana Speg., a pathogenic fungus that causes pepper and green pepper rust.

Operational workplan

The National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Peru must provide an operational workplan to APHIS detailing the activities the NPPO of Peru will, subject to APHIS's approval of the workplan, carry out to meet the requirements of this section. The operational workplan must include and describe the quarantine pest survey intervals and other specific requirements as set forth in this section.

Production site requirements

Pepper production sites must consist of pest-exclusionary structures with double self-closing doors and have all other windows, openings, and vents covered with 1.6 mm (or less) screening.

All production sites participating in the export program must be registered with the NPPO of Peru.

The production sites must be inspected prior to harvest for Neoleucinodes elegantalis (Guenée) and Puccinia pampeana Speg. If either of these pests, or other quarantine pests, are found to be generally infesting or infecting the production site, the NPPO of Peru will immediately prohibit that production site from exporting peppers to the continental United States and its territories and notify APHIS of this action. The prohibition will remain in effect until the NPPO of Peru and APHIS determine the pest risk has been mitigated.

The production sites must contain traps for the detection of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) both within and around the structures. Internal traps must be set for the duration of the time the production site is used to produce peppers for export to the continental United States or its territories. External traps must be set for at least 2 months before export and trapping must continue to the end of the harvest as follows:

Traps with an approved protein bait must be placed inside the production site at a density of 4 traps per hectare, with a minimum of 2 traps per structure. Traps must be serviced once every 7 days.

If a single Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) or Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) is detected inside a registered production site or in a consignment, the registered production site will lose its ability to export peppers to the continental United States or its territories until APHIS and the NPPO of Peru mutually determine risk mitigation is achieved.

Traps with an approved protein bait must be placed inside a buffer area 500 meters wide around the registered production site, at a density of 1 trap per 10 hectares and a minimum of 10 traps. These traps must be checked at least once every 7 days. At least 1 of these traps must be near the production site.

Capture of 0.7 or more Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) or Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) per trap per week will delay or suspend the harvest, depending on whether harvest has begun, for consignments of peppers from that registered production site until APHIS and the NPPO of Peru can agree the pest risk has been mitigated.

The NPPO of Peru must maintain records of trap placement, checking of traps, and any quarantine pest captures. The NPPO of Peru must maintain an APHIS-approved quality control program to monitor or audit the trapping program. The trapping records must be maintained for APHIS review.

Packinghouse procedures

All packinghouses participating in the export program must be registered with the NPPO of Peru.

The peppers must be packed within 24 hours of harvest in a pest-exclusionary packinghouse. The peppers must be safeguarded by an insect-proof mesh screen or plastic tarpaulin while in transit to the packinghouse and while awaiting packing. The peppers must be packed in insect-proof cartons or containers, or covered with insect-proof mesh or plastic tarpaulin, for transit into the continental United States or its territories. These safeguards must remain intact until arrival in the continental United States or its territories or the consignment will be denied entry into the continental United States or its territories.

During the time the packinghouse is in use for exporting peppers to the continental United States or its territories, the packinghouse may only accept peppers from registered approved production sites.

Page ID: CIRReportP
Skip Footer