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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service logo Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements (FAVIR)
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Commodity Import Report (CIR)

Apricot (Fruit) from Spain into All Ports
The CIR contains current import regulation information for the selected Commodity Import (a specific commodity approved from a designated country, or region, into one or more designated ports). A flag ( Access Restricted to APHIS/CBP ) indicates information that is intended for and available to an APHIS/CBP audience only.
Prunus armeniaca Commodity Summary Guide Page Country Summary

Import Requirements
1 Admissible Plant Parts: Fruit
2 Admissible Ports: All Ports
3 Import Permit Required: An Import Permit is required. To obtain a permit, go to e-Permits.
4 Subject to Inspection: This commodity is subject to inspection at the port of entry and all general requirements of 7 CFR 319.56-3.
5 Commercial Consignments Only
6 Production Location: Consignments can only come from continental Spain (not the Balearic or Canary Islands).
7 Condition of Entry Treatment: T107-a (Cold Treatment) If treatment has not been completed or fails, the fruits or vegetables may arrive in the United States at either of the following locations:
  • At ports located north of 39° latitude and east of 104° longitude.
  • At ports with approved cold-treatment facilities. (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/cold_treatment_facilities.pdf)
8 Phytosanitary Certificate: Consignments must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Spain stating the fruit has been treated for Ceratitis capitata in accordance with 7 CFR Part 305 and includes an additional declaration stating the fruit in the consignment was inspected and found free of Apiognomonia erythrostoma, C.capitata, Cydia funebrana, and Monilinia fructigena.
9 Production Location: Fruit presented for inspection at a U.S. port of entry must be identified in the shipping documents accompanying each lot of fruit specifying the place of production in which the fruit was produced and the packinghouse in which the fruit was processed. This identification must be maintained until the fruit is released for entry into the United States.
10 Reference Information: To be treated in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/treatment.pdf).
Instructions for Officers
11 Verify cold treatment requirements have been satisfied. Refer to the Special Procedures for Cold-Treated Commodities (https://cbp.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/php/favir/SpecialProcedures/downloads/Procedures_coldtreatedFV.pdf). restricted image
Commodity Information
12 For additional commodity information and images, visit https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29841  
Additional Requirements
13

Fresh apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) may be imported into the United States from continental Spain (excluding the Balearic Islands and Canary Islands) only under the conditions described in this section. These conditions are designed to prevent the introduction of the following quarantine pests: Apiognomonia erythrostoma (Pers.), a brown rot fungus; Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann, the Mediterranean fruit fly; Cydia funebrana (Treitschke), the plum fruit moth; and Monilinia fructigena Honey, the leaf scorch fungus.

General requirements

The National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of Spain must provide a bilateral workplan to APHIS detailing the activities the NPPO of Spain will, subject to APHIS's approval of the workplan, carry out to meet the requirements of this section. APHIS will be directly involved with the NPPO of Spain in monitoring and auditing implementation of the systems approach. The NPPO of Spain must also enter into a trust fund agreement with APHIS in accordance with 7 CFR 319.56-6.

All places of production and packinghouses that participate in the export program must be registered with the NPPO of Spain.

The fruit must be grown at places of production that meet the requirements of this section.

The fruit must be packed for export to the United States in a packinghouse that meets the requirements listed in the packinghouse requirements paragraph below. The place of production at which the apricots were grown must remain identifiable when the fruit leaves the grove, at the packinghouse, and throughout the export process. Safeguarding in accordance with the post-harvest procedures paragraph below must be maintained at all times during the movement of the apricot fruit to the United States and must be intact upon arrival of the apricot fruit in the United States.

Monitoring and oversight

The NPPO of Spain, or an authorized person designated in the workplan, must visit and inspect places of production starting at least 1 month (30 days) before harvest and continuing until the end of the shipping season to verify growers are complying with the requirements of this section and to follow pest-control guidelines, when necessary, to reduce quarantine pest populations. The NPPO of Spain must certify exporting places of production have fruit fly and moth trapping programs and follow control guidelines, when necessary, to reduce regulated pest populations. Any personnel conducting trapping and pest surveys must be accredited and supervised by the NPPO of Spain. APHIS may monitor the places of production if necessary.

In addition to conducting fruit inspections at the packinghouses, the NPPO of Spain must monitor packinghouse operations to verify the packinghouses are complying with the requirements of this section.

If the NPPO of Spain finds that a place of production or packinghouse is not complying with the requirements of this section, no fruit from the place of production or packinghouse will be eligible for export to the United States until APHIS and the NPPO of Spain conduct an investigation and implement appropriate remedial actions.

The NPPO of Spain must retain all forms and documents related to export program activities in places of production and packinghouses for at least 1 year and, as requested, provide them to APHIS for review.

Grove sanitation

Fruit that has fallen from the trees at each place of production must be removed and destroyed weekly.

Fungi

During the growing season, the NPPO of Spain must conduct inspections at intervals specified in the workplan in the place of production for signs of A. erythrostoma and M. fructigena until harvest is completed. Infected leaves must be removed from places of production to reduce the inoculum potential. Upon detection of these fungal diseases, the NPPO of Spain must notify APHIS, which may prohibit the importation into the United States of apricots from the production site for the season.

C. funebrana

The NPPO of Spain must use one of the following two mitigation measures to address the risk potential posed by C. funebrana.

Pest-free area: under this mitigation measure, apricots must originate from an area designated as free of C. funebrana in accordance with 7 CFR 319.56-5.

Area of low pest prevalence and pest management. Under this mitigation measure, the NPPO of Spain must visit and visually inspect registered places of production during the growing season and harvest period for signs of C. funebrana to demonstrate the places of production have a low prevalence of C. funebrana and to verify the growers are complying with the requirements of this paragraph. The NPPO of Spain must also sample and visually inspect a quantity of fruit specified in the workplan. Trapping must also be conducted in the places of production to demonstrate that the places of production have a low prevalence of C. funebrana. If the prevalence of any life stage of C. funebrana rises above levels specified in the bilateral workplan, remedial measures approved jointly by APHIS and the NPPO of Spain must be implemented. The NPPO of Spain must keep records of the placement of traps, trap visits, trap counts, and treatments for each registered place of production and make the records available to APHIS upon request.

C. capitata

Trapping must be conducted in the places of production to demonstrate those places of production have a low prevalence of C. capitata. Specific trapping requirements are included in the bilateral workplan. If the prevalence rises above levels specified in the bilateral workplan, remedial measures approved jointly by APHIS and the NPPO of Spain must be implemented. The NPPO of Spain must keep records of the placement of traps, trap visits, trap counts, and treatments for each registered place of production and make the records available to APHIS upon request.

All apricots for export from continental Spain to the United States must be treated for C. capitata in accordance with 7 CFR Part 305.

Post-harvest procedures

The apricots must be safeguarded by a pest-proof screen, plastic tarpaulin, or by some other pest-proof barrier while in transit to the packinghouse and while awaiting packing. They must be packed within 24 hours of harvest into pest-proof cartons or containers or covered with pest-proof mesh or a plastic tarpaulin for transport to the United States. These safeguards must remain intact until arrival of the consignment in the United States.

Packinghouse requirements

Packing of apricots for export to the United States must be conducted within a packinghouse registered and approved by the NPPO of Spain. Packinghouses in which apricots are packed for export to the United States must be able to exclude quarantine pests. All openings to the outside of the packinghouse must be covered by screening with openings of not more than 1.6 mm or by some other barrier that prevents pests from entering. The packinghouse must have double self-closing doors at the entrance to the facility and at the interior entrance to the area where the apricots are to be packed. During the time registered packinghouses are in use for packing apricots for export to the United States in accordance with the requirements of this section, packing lines must be cleared of all other articles and plant debris prior to packing such apricots, and such apricots must be stored in a room separate from any other fruits or plant articles while the apricots are at the packinghouse.

Phytosanitary inspection

A biometric sample of apricot fruit jointly agreed upon by APHIS and the NPPO of Spain must be inspected in Spain by the NPPO of Spain following post-harvest processing. The sample must be visually inspected for the quarantine pests A. erythrostoma, C. funebrana, and M. fructigena. A portion of the fruit must be cut open and inspected for C. capitata. If any of these quarantine pests are found, the entire consignment of apricot fruit will be prohibited from importation into the United States.

Page ID: CIRReportP
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